A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. The fanatic might need to surrender (quit), yet discovers it to a great degree hard to do as such without offer assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
The person may also develop a voracious appetite. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. With certain drugs, withdrawal can set off seizures, perspiration, hallucinations, violence and tremors.
The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
Taking risks (2) - driving at a higher speed is one of the risks the addict may easily take when they have taken the substance.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.
Those who are addicted to alcohol and drugs on a technical manner may be exposed to the aforementioned dangers, but the severe urge to consume drugs and the withdrawal symptoms witnessed by an addict may not be present.