Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
It could, but through a complicated process. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
stop using the substances
be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Values Of Successful Rehabilitation
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
Addiction is a complicated, chronic disease that affects the brain and behaviour, but it is treatable.
There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
Psychological and other behaviour remedies are used in treating the habit.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
Substance use during treatment should be observed constantly.
The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
lifelong follow-up in an attempt to prevent relapsing
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is only an initial stage in the process; it is not a "treatment" on its own. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
develop life skills that are healthy
Keep going with other forms of treatment, like medication and support groups
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
At first, treatment can be as intensive as multiple outpatient sessions every week. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Residential treatment setting samples:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entry
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. For everyone in treatment, but especially for those in an inpatient program or prison, it's essential to learn how to recognize, avoid, and handle any triggers they may encounter after treatment.